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Terminology

Counting Stances Basic Phrases & Terms
Blocks Sparring Salutations & Titles
Kicks Body Techniques & Directions
Strikes Weapons Schools & Styles

Korean Language Overview

Korean is one of the 3 hardest languages in the world to master. So lets all face it, in a few months or for that matter, even in a year, you are not going to make it to a level of great fluency. Just set your goal a bit lower and work toward that. Korean speakers will be most impressed with even the slightest attempt on your part to learn their language. So anything, even something small, will go a very long way.

The Korean language is called Hangul. (HangulKorean language)

The simplest and most common greetings mean essentially “Peace”:

Simple Greeting
Ahn-young hah-say-oh

Formal way to Greet:

Peace Greeting
Ahn-young hah-shim-nika?

In order to be understood, you’ll have to approximate Korean pronunciation. Say each syllable as if it’s a separate word, and you may get close enough.

Thank You

Kahm-sah-hahm-nidah

Thank you.

pardon me

Chae-song hahm-nidah
Pardon me.

Please Help Me

Chome toe-wah jew-say-oh
Please help me.

Good bye

Ahn-young-hee gae-say-oh

Good bye.

This being the New Year season, it is also in excellent form to use the official New Year’s greeting every chance you get:

Happy New Year

Say-hay boke mahn-he pah-du-say-oh

Say-hay means “New Year;” boke means “blessings;” mahn-he means “many;” and pah-du-say-oh means “please receive.” So, the phrase translates as “Please receive many New Year’s blessings.”


Counting -

Cardinal Numbers

SoundHana (One)

Ordinal Numbers

Il (1st)

SoundDool (Two) Ee (2nd)
SoundSet (Three) Sam (3rd)
SoundNet (Four) Sa (4th)
SoundDoesut (Five) Oh (5th)
SoundYasut (Six) Yuk (6th)
SoundIlgop (Seven) Chil (7th)
SoundYudoll (Eight) Pal (8th)
SoundAhop (Nine) Koo (9th)
SoundYoul (Ten) Shib (10th)
Youl Hanna (Eleven) Shib il (11th)
Youl Doll (Twelve) Yi shib (20th)
Youl Set (Thirteen) Yi shib il (21st)
SeuMool (Twenty) Sam shib (30th)
SeuMool Hanna (Twenty One) Sam shib il (31st)
SeuMool Doll (Twenty Two) Sah shib (40th)
SoReun (Thirty) Oh shib (50th)
MaHeun (Forty) Yook sip (60th)
Sheen (Fifty) Chil sip (70th)
YeSoon (Sixty) Pal sip (80th)
IlHeun (Seventy) Koo sip (90th)
Yudoon (Eighty) Il bak (100th)
Aheun (Ninety)
Bak (Hundred)

Basic Phrases & Terms-

soundChul Sa (Line Up) soundDoe Boke (Uniform)
soundCha Rutt (Attention) soundDhee (Belt)
soundKyung Yet (Bow) soundKuk Ki (National Flag)
soundAn Jo (Sit Down) soundWon Ki (Association Flag)
soundWon Ki (Association Flag) soundHa Don (Low Section)
soundMook Yum (Meditate) soundChoong Don (Middle Section)
soundE L Sutt (Stand Up) soundSon Don (High Section)
soundChoon Bee (Ready Position) Kibon Dongjak (Basic Practice)
soundSay Jak (Begin) Daeryon (Step Sparring)
soundPar Row

(Return to Ready Position)

Sajoe (4 Directional Movement)
soundShee Yoe (Rest) Pan Ja Yu (Semi Contact Fight)
soundGo Mon (Stop) Gyorugi (Full Contact Fight)
soundEe Dee Wha (Come Here) Hosinsool (Self-Defense)
soundBalee Balee (Hurry) Paegi (Freeing Techniques)
soundKo Yo Han (Quiet) Kihap (Powerful Yell, to
collect and focus internal energy)
soundDoe Rha (Turn) Chagi (Kick)
soundDee Row Doe Rha

(Turn 180 Degrees)

Chigi (Attack with hand)
soundPon Tay (Reverse) Jiroegi (Punch)
Hecha (Dismissed) soundHyung Pattern (Form)
soundPoomse (also “Poom Say”) (Form)
soundTuls Pattern (Form)
soundSahn (Twin)
soundHwa (Blossom; Flower)
soundRang (Youth; Young Gentleman)
soundYok Sa (History)
soundYoung U (Korean Terminology)
soundChul Hak (Philosophy)
soundYu (Flowing Water – Theory)
soundWon (Circle – Theory)
soundWha (Harmony, Togetherness [Theory])

Techniques & Directions-

soundSul (also “Sool”) (Technique) Ahp (Front)
soundKwan Jyel Sul (Joint Manipulation Technique) Dwi (Back)
soundHyel Do Sul (Vital Point Techniques) Bandae (Reverse)
soundKi Bon Sul (Basic Techniques) Bakat (Outer)
soundToo Sul (Throwing Techniques) An (Inner)
soundNak Sul (Falling Techniques) Anuro (Inward)
soundChil Sik Sul (Choking Techniques) Bakuro (Outward)
soundShim Gong Sul (Mind Training Techniques) OhReun (Right)
soundHo Shin Sul (Self-Defense Techniques) Wen (Left)
soundSin-Chong (also “Sin-Ch’ong) (Application)
soundSul Sin-Chong (Technique Application)

Blocks -

soundMakee (Block)
soundPal Moke Makee (Outer Forearm Block)
soundAnPal Moke Makee (Inner Forearm Block)
soundHuke Yo Pal Moke Makee (Rising Outer Forearm Block)
Ahre Makee (Low Block)
Momtong Makee (Middle Block)
Eolgul Makee (High Block)
Geudeureo Makee (Reinforced Block – Fist of one hand supports the other at the elbow)
Sonnal-bakat Makee (Knifehand Block, from inside to outside)
Gawi Makee (Scissor Block)
Eotgalyo Makee (X Block)
Hechyo Makee (Wig Block)
Bituro Makee (Twisting Block)

Strikes -

soundSon (also, “Soo”) (Hand)
soundSon Kal (Knife Hand)
soundSon Kal Dung (Reverse Knife Hand)
soundKwon (Fist – To Smash Or Destroy With Fist)
soundJu Mok (Fist)
soundAp Ju Mok (Forefist)
soundDung Ju Mok (Back Fist)
soundYup Ju Mok (Side Fist – Hammer Fist)
soundTer Ri Kee (Strike)
soundChirigee (Punch)
soundPon Tay Chirigee (Reverse Punch)
Eolgul Jireugi (High Punch)
Momtong Jireugi (Middle Punch)
Sonnal Mok Anchigi (Knifehand Strike at Neck)
Pyeonsonkut Jireugi (Spear Fingers)
Doobeon Jireugi (Double Punch)
Kaljaebi (Strangle Punch)

Stances -

soundSo Gee (Stance)
soundMoa So Gee (Closed Feet Stance)
soundNaranee So Gee (Parallel Stance)
soundNaranee Choon Bee So Gee (Parallel Ready Stance)
soundGunnun So Gee or Ahp So Gee (Walking Stance)
soundAp So Gee (Front Stance)
soundNiunja So Gee (L-Stance)
soundFoo Gul So Gee or Dwikubi So Gee (Back Stance)
soundDwit Bal So Gee (Rear Foot Stance)
soundKee Ma So Gee (Sitting Stance)
soundSanun So Gee (Diagonal Stance)
soundNachuo So Gee (Low Stance)
soundKyocha So Gee (X-Stance)
soundKo Chung So Gee (Fixed Stance)
soundSoo Jik So Gee (Vertical Stance)
soundWaebal So Gee (1-Leg Stance)
soundGuburyo So Gee (Bending Stance)
Bum So Gee (Tiger Stance)
Koa So Gee (Twisted Stance)
Juchoom So Gee (Horse Riding Stance)

Kicks -

soundCha Gee (Kick)
soundAp Cha Gee (Front Kick)
soundYup Cha Gee (Side Kick)
soundTollyo Cha Gee (Round / Turning Kick)
soundPon Tay Tollyo Cha Gee (Reverse Turning Kick)
soundBandal Cha Gee (Crescent Kick)
soundDwee Cha Gee (Back Kick)
soundNaeryo Cha Gee (Axe / Downward Kick)
soundGolcho Cha Gee or Hooryo Cha Gee (Hooking Kick)
soundBitro Cha Gee (Twisting Kick)

Sparring -

soundDare Ee On (Sparring)
HohGoo (Body Protector)
Jeon (Round)
Il Hoejeon (1st Round)
Kam Jom Hana (Penalty Point)
Kyeongo Hana (Warning)
Hong (Red)
Chong (Blue)
Boo Sang (Injury)
soundIlbo Dare Ee On (One-Step Sparring)
soundEebo Dare Ee On (Two-Step Sparring)
soundSambo Dare Ee On (Three-Step Sparring)
soundCha U Dare Ee On (Free Sparring)
soundPang Wi (also Pang Wee) (Defense Against)
soundTong Hyel (Pressure Point Which Induces Pain)
soundMa Hyel (Pressure Point Which Induces Paralysis)
soundSa Hyel (Lethal Pressure Points)

Body -

Mom (Body)
Eolgool (Upper Body – head and neck)
Momtong (Middle part of the body – Trunk)
Ahre (Lower part of the body – legs and feet)
Meo Ii (Head)
Mok (Neck)
Myung Chi (Solar Plexus)
Pal (Arm)
Palkoop (Elbow)
Palmok (Forearm)
Son (Hand)
Son Mok (Wrist)
Ju Meok (Fist)
Dari (Leg)
Murup (Knee)
Baal (Foot)
Apchook (Ball of foot)

Schools & Styles -

soundDojang (School – Training Hall – School where the “way” is taught)
soundKwan (School – Gymnasium)
soundMoo Do (also “Mu Do”) (Martial Arts “Way of the Martial Arts”)
soundMoo Sul (also “Mu Sool”) (Martial Technique)
soundChang-Hun (Blue Cottage)
soundTae Kwon Do (Foot, Fist, Way of)
soundTae Soo Do (Foot, Hand, Way of)
soundTang Soo Do (China, Hand, Way of)
soundHap Ki Do (Harmony, Inner Power, Way of)
soundKong Soo Do (Empty Hand, Way of [Karate])
soundShim Soo Do (Mind, Hand, Way Of)
soundKoong Shi Do (Bow, Arrow, Way Of)
soundKoong Do (Archery [Bow, Way Of])
soundKoong Sul (Archery Techniques)
soundSado Mu Do (Tribal “Village” Martial Arts)
soundBuldo Mu Do (Buddhist Martial Arts)
soundKoong Jong Mu Do (Royal Palace Martial Arts)
soundKwon Bup (Fist Method)
soundYu Sool (Throwing Techniques)
soundSoo Bak Gi (Hand Striking Techniques)
soundSoo Bak Do (Hand Striking, Way Of)
soundOh Do Kwan (My Way, School Of)
soundMoo Duk Kwan (Martial Virtue, School Of)
soundChung Do Kwan (Blue Wave, School Of)
soundShim Duk Kwan (Virtuous Mind, School Of)

Salutations & Titles -

soundNha (Yes) soundDan (Degree – Black Belt)
soundAhn Nee Yoe (No) soundYu Dan Cha
(Holder of Degree – Black Belt Rank)
soundCon Sa Hom Nee Dha
(Thank You For Teaching Us)
soundGup (Grade – Rank below Black Belt)
soundMee On Hom Nee Dha
(I am Sorry)
soundYu Gup Cha (Holder of Gup Rank)
soundCo Mop Sim Nee Dha
(Thank You)
soundJeja (Student)
soundChun Mun A Yoe
(You Are Welcome)
soundNim (Term of respect “honorable”)
soundYa Boe Say Yo (Hello) Kyseo Nim (Instructor, 1st – 3rd DAN)
soundAhn Young Ha Sim Nee Kah or

soundAhn Young Ha Say Yo
(Good morning, good afternoon, good evening, how are you?)

soundSa Bum Nim
(Master Instructor, 4th – 7th DAN)
soundAhn Young Hee Kay Say Yo
(Stay in peace)
Bomson Nim
(Grand Master, 9th – 10th DAN)
soundAhn Young Hee Kah Say Yo
(Go in peace)
soundKwan Jung Nim (Director of a Martial Arts School, Style or Organization)
  soundKuk Sa Nim (Grand Master – National Martial Arts Teacher)

Weapons -

soundMu Ki (also “Mu Kee”) (Weapons)
soundJi Pang E (also “Jee Pang E”) (Cane)
soundTahn Bong (Short Stick)
soundJung Bong (Middle Staff)
soundJang Bong (Long Staff)
soundKal (Knife)
soundTan Do (Dagger)
soundGum (Kum) (Sword)
soundEe Chul Bong (Two-Section Stick – Nunchaku)
soundTahn Do Li Ga (Short Flail – Nunchaku)
soundNat (Sickle)
soundCha-Ru (Handle – Tonfa)
soundChang (Spear)
soundBoo Chai (Fan)
soundPho Bak (Rope)

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